On June 1, 2018, the Alabama Data Breach Notification Act of 2018 will take effect. In addition to being the last state to enact a breach notification law, Alabama’s new law distinguishes itself in a variety of unique ways.

Consistent with other state breach notification laws, the new law defines “sensitive personally identifying information” maintained in electronic form (covered information) broadly. In addition to government issued forms of identification and financial account numbers, covered information includes an individual’s medical history, mental or physical condition, or medical treatment or diagnostic information when combined with the resident’s name. In addition, usernames or email addresses, in combination with a password or security question and answer, are also classified as covered information, but only if the account is affiliated with the entity that experienced the breach, and only if such credentials would permit access to an online account that is “reasonably likely to contain or is used to obtain” sensitive personally identifying information (i.e., if the username or email address and password grant access to covered information that triggers the notification requirement). These important caveats limit the circumstances in which entities that maintain covered information (covered entities) must notify Alabama residents of breaches involving usernames or email addresses and passwords.
Continue Reading Alabama Becomes Final State to Enact Data Breach Notification Law