Laura De Boel

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Preparing for the UK Online Safety Bill: A Focus on Protecting Children

The UK Online Safety Bill (OSB or the Bill) cleared an important hurdle in January 2023 after passing its third reading in parliament. The Bill was first published in May 2021 and has been subject to intense scrutiny. If enacted, it will place extensive obligations on providers of search engines and online platforms that enable … Continue Reading

NIST Releases Its Artificial Intelligence Risk Management Framework (AI RMF)

On January 26, 2023, the U.S. Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) released its Artificial Intelligence Risk Management Framework (AI RMF). The AI RMF is intended to provide a resource to organizations designing, developing, deploying, or using AI systems to manage risks and promote trustworthy and responsible development and use of AI … Continue Reading

Council of the EU Proposes Amendments to Draft AI Act

On December 6, 2022, the European Union’s (EU) Regulation on Artificial Intelligence (AI Act) progressed one step towards becoming law when the Council of the EU (the Council) adopted their amendments to the draft act (Council General Approach). The European Parliament (Parliament) must now finalize their common position before interinstitutional negotiations can begin.… Continue Reading

EU Introduces Legislative Proposal to Collect Data from Short-Term Accommodation Platforms

On November 7, 2022, the European Commission (EC) published its proposal for a regulation on data collection and sharing for short-term accommodation rental services (proposal). The proposal includes data sharing and website design requirements for online platforms providing short-term accommodation rental services. It also prompts EU countries to create a harmonized registration process for hosts providing such … Continue Reading

UK Government Publishes New Code of Practice for App Store Operators and App Developers

On December 9, 2022, the UK Government’s Department for Digital, Culture, Media, and Sport (DCMS) published a voluntary Code of Practice for App Store Operators and App Developers (Code). The Code sets out eight core principles to be followed by in-scope entities and is intended to help protect end users from malicious and poorly designed … Continue Reading

European Union Adopts Flagship Digital Services Act

On October 27, 2022, the Digital Services Act (DSA) was published in the Official Journal of the European Union, sweeping in a new era in the regulation of digital services. (See Wilson Sonsini’s DSA Fact Sheet.) The DSA applies to providers of digital services, including those based outside the EU that provide services to users in the … Continue Reading

President Biden Signs Executive Order to Implement the New EU-U.S. Data Privacy Framework

On October 7, 2022, President Biden signed an Executive Order (Order) on Enhancing Safeguards for United States Signals Intelligence Activities. This marks the latest step towards the new EU-U.S. Data Privacy Framework (Framework), a replacement for the defunct EU-U.S. Privacy Shield (Privacy Shield). The next stage in the process is for the European Commission (EC), with input from the … Continue Reading

EU Parliament and EU Council Approve the DMA

On July 18, 2022, the EU Council formally adopted the EU Digital Markets Act (DMA), following approval by the EU Parliament earlier this month (the press releases are available here and here). The final DMA text as approved is available here. As next steps, the final text of the law will be signed by the … Continue Reading

Increased Scrutiny for AI Systems and Draft AI Legislation in the EU

EU lawmakers are preparing a new Artificial Intelligence Act (AIA). Timing for adoption remains unclear, but once the AIA enters into force, it will impose strict obligations on providers and users of AI systems. In the meantime, EU regulators have started issuing fines against companies using AI systems on the basis of the EU General … Continue Reading

Political Agreement on a New Framework for EU-U.S. Personal Data Transfers

On March 25, 2022, the U.S. and EU announced that they reached a political agreement in principle on a new “Trans-Atlantic Data Privacy Framework” (the Framework). This would be the third framework for EU-U.S. personal data transfers, after the invalidation of the Privacy Shield in 2020 and of its predecessor, the Safe Harbor, in 2015. … Continue Reading

New Model Clauses for Personal Data Transfers Outside the UK

On February 2, 2022, the UK privacy regulator (i.e., the Information Commissioner’s Office or the ICO) issued new model clauses to support data transfers from the UK. Subject to approval by the UK Parliament, the new model clauses will become effective March 21, 2022. Companies transferring personal data outside the UK will have until March … Continue Reading

EU Regulators Define Data Transfers

They State That Direct Collection of Personal Data by Non-EU Companies Is Not a “Data Transfer” Under the GDPR On November 18, 2021, the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) issued guidelines (Guidelines) that—for the first time—clarify the notion of “data transfer.” Departing from common understanding, the EDPB has determined that there is no data transfer … Continue Reading

Don’t Forget to Use the New SCCs to Transfer EU Personal Data as of September 27, 2021

As of September 27, 2021, companies relying on Standard Contractual Clauses (SCCs) to transfer personal data outside the European Union (EU) must use the new Standard Contractual Clauses (New SCCs) when signing data processing agreements. As a result, it is time to update template data processing agreements to ensure that your company can meet this … Continue Reading

EU Commission Publishes Template Data Processing Agreement

On June 4, 2021, the European Commission published its long awaited new set of Standard Contractual Clauses for outsourced data processing (DPA SCCs). These DPA SCCs are a contract template that organizations can use to comply with the General Data Protection Regulation’s (GDPR) rules on outsourced data processing.… Continue Reading

A New Data Transfer Mechanism Is Available for EU Personal Data

New Set of SCCs for Data Transfers to Third Countries On June 4, 2021, the European Commission (EC) published its long awaited new set of Standard Contractual Clauses (New SCCs). This new data transfer mechanism allows for the transfers of personal data outside of the European Economic Area (EEA) and replaces the current Standard Contractual … Continue Reading

EDPB Publishes New Guidance for Data Breach Notification

On January 18, 2021, the European Data Protection Board (EDPB), comprised of all national supervisory authorities (SAs) of the European Union, published draft guidelines for data breach notification1 (the Guidelines). The Guidelines provide useful insight into how regulators apply the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) personal data breach notifications rules. Specifically, they describe six common types of … Continue Reading

CJEU Advocate General Confirms Validity of EU Data Transfer Tools

On December 19, 2019, the Advocate General (AG) of the highest EU Court (the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU)) issued his opinion in Schrems II[1] (the opinion). Wilson Sonsini previously covered the key points of the opinion in our Alert of December 20 and now provides a more detailed analysis in this … Continue Reading

Massive GDPR Fine Proposed by UK ICO Confirms Trend of Increased Focus on EU Data Breaches

On July 8, 2019, the UK Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) announced its intention to fine British Airways GBP 183.39 million over a data breach in which the personal data of approximately 500,000 customers was compromised.[1] If made final, the fine—equivalent to approximately U.S. $230 million—would be the biggest fine ever issued by the ICO as … Continue Reading

Belgian Data Protection Authority Is Up and Running

On April 25, 2019, the new chairman and the four directors of the new Belgian data protection authority were sworn in before the Belgian Parliament. This marks a new era for data protection law in Belgium. Background Following the effective date of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) on May 25, 2018, the Belgian Privacy … Continue Reading

Court of Justice Dismisses Privacy Class Action Against Facebook but Allows Max Schrems to Sue in Austria

In yet another round of Schrems versus Facebook, on January 25, 2018, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) ruled that privacy activist Max Schrems is a consumer with regard to his Facebook profile despite his advocacy activities. Schrems may therefore benefit from the EU consumer forum rule, which allows him to bring … Continue Reading

EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Passes First Annual Review

On October 18, 2017, the European Commission (EU Commission) published its report on the first annual review of the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Framework (Privacy Shield). The EU Commission confirms that the Privacy Shield ensures an adequate level of protection for EU personal data that is transferred to the U.S., but calls on the U.S. government … Continue Reading

EU Commission Publishes Proposal for e-Privacy Regulation: The Top Nine Key Points You Need to Know

On January 10, 2017, the European Commission published a Proposal for a Regulation  that if adopted would have significant and far-reaching implications for Internet-based services and technologies. The proposal seeks to revise the current EU ePrivacy Directive. It creates strict new rules regarding confidentiality of electronic communications, including content and metadata. In addition, the proposal … Continue Reading
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