Alexandre Lépine

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Belgian DPA Finds That IAB Europe’s Cookie Consent Framework Violates the GDPR

On February 2, 2022, the Belgian Data Protection Authority (DPA) found that the Interactive Advertising Bureau Europe (IAB) Transparency & Consent Framework (TCF), a tool used to record individuals’ online ad preferences, violates the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). The DPA fined IAB Europe €250,000 (approx. USD 280,000), and required IAB Europe to present an … Continue Reading

European Court of Justice Finds That “Inbox Advertising” Is Direct Marketing

On November 26, 2021, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) held[1] that the display of advertising messages in an email inbox, in a form similar to an email, constitutes direct marketing and requires users’ consent under the ePrivacy Directive.[2] The CJEU also held that this practice constitutes ‘persistent and unwanted solicitations’ under … Continue Reading

CNIL Issues Guidance on Alternatives to Third-Party Cookies

On October 13, 2021, the French data protection authority (the CNIL) issued a short note (the “Note,” in French) on technologies such as fingerprinting, unique identifiers, and cohort-targeting, developed to replace traditional third-party cookies. While the CNIL acknowledges that some of these technologies are less privacy invasive than third-party cookies, it stresses that the consent … Continue Reading

Council of the EU Adopts Its Text on the ePrivacy Regulation

On February 10, 2021, the Council of the European Union (EU) agreed on its version of the draft ePrivacy Regulation (Council Position). The long-awaited ePrivacy Regulation, which will repeal the existing ePrivacy Directive, overhauls the rules on cookies and regulates the use of and access to electronic communications data.… Continue Reading

European Commission Issues New SCCs for Data Transfers to Third Countries

On November 12, 2020, the European Commission (EC) issued a draft version of a new set of Standard Contractual Clauses (New SCCs). The long-awaited New SCCs include several modules that companies can use depending on the transfer scenarios, such as controller-to-controller, controller-to-processor, and processor-to-processor data exports. The New SCCs have also been updated to reflect the high … Continue Reading

EDPB Publishes Draft Recommendations on Supplementary Measures for Data Transfers

On November 11, 2020, the European Data Protection Board (EDPB), comprised of the European data protection regulators (DPAs), issued two long-awaited sets of recommendations. These recommendations are critical for any companies exporting or importing EU personal data.… Continue Reading

France’s Administrative High Court Greenlights Microsoft’s Hosting of Health Data in Face of CNIL’s Schrems II Concerns

On October 13, 2020, France’s high administrative court (Conseil d’État, “the Court”) rejected a request to suspend France’s centralized health data platform—the Health Data Hub—currently hosted by Microsoft in its data center in the Netherlands. In essence, the Court rejected the French DPA’s (CNIL) argument that in light of the important public interest of maintaining … Continue Reading

CNIL Issues Updated Cookie Guidance

On October 1, 2020, the French data protection authority (the CNIL) issued the final version of its guidelines on the use of cookies and other trackers (the Guidelines), replacing a first draft published on July 4, 2019. While the main principles remain unchanged, this version provides further practical guidance for website and mobile application publishers … Continue Reading

EDPB Issues Guidelines on Social Media Targeting Under GDPR

On Monday September 7, 2020, the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) issued draft Guidelines 8/2020 on the targeting of social media users (the “Draft Guidelines”). The Draft Guidelines have far-reaching implications for social media platforms, advertisers, and adtech companies, as they will result in a clarification of the roles and responsibilities of the key stakeholders, and establish … Continue Reading

Initial Reaction of European Data Protection Regulators to Schrems 2.0 Judgment

Over the last few days, the European Data Protection Board (EDPB), the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) and various Supervisory Authorities (SAs) across Europe issued statements addressing the decision of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) to invalidate the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield framework (Schrems 2.0). Below we summarize some of the main reactions. The EDPB … Continue Reading

European Commission Calls for a Common Approach to COVID-19 Apps and Anonymized Data Use

On April 8, 2020, the European Commission (the Commission) released its recommendation for a pan-EU approach on the use of technology and data to combat the COVID-19 pandemic (the Recommendation). The Commission calls for the creation of a “toolbox” consisting of practical measures taken at the EU level to address the use of mobile applications … Continue Reading

EU Privacy Regulators Issue Draft Guidelines on Connected Vehicles and Mobility Applications

On February 7, 2020, the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) published draft guidelines on the processing of personal data in the context of connected vehicles and mobility related applications. If adopted in their current form, the draft guidelines will have far-reaching consequences for connected vehicles and mobility applications that operate in Europe. They contain detailed interpretations of … Continue Reading

Massive GDPR Fine Proposed by UK ICO Confirms Trend of Increased Focus on EU Data Breaches

On July 8, 2019, the UK Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) announced its intention to fine British Airways GBP 183.39 million over a data breach in which the personal data of approximately 500,000 customers was compromised.[1] If made final, the fine—equivalent to approximately U.S. $230 million—would be the biggest fine ever issued by the ICO as … Continue Reading
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