Archives: Privacy

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Political Agreement on a New Framework for EU-U.S. Personal Data Transfers

On March 25, 2022, the U.S. and EU announced that they reached a political agreement in principle on a new “Trans-Atlantic Data Privacy Framework” (the Framework). This would be the third framework for EU-U.S. personal data transfers, after the invalidation of the Privacy Shield in 2020 and of its predecessor, the Safe Harbor, in 2015. … Continue Reading

Rules of the Road for Advertisers and Marketers: The Basics

As the United States cautiously emerges from the depths of the pandemic, researchers are forecasting double-digit gains in ad spending for 2022. If you’re part of the wave of companies developing new advertising campaigns, you’ll want to brush up on legal requirements designed to ensure that your ads are truthful, fair, and evidence-based. Failure to … Continue Reading

FTC Issues Complaint and Proposed Settlement with Online Retailer for Deceptive and Unfair Security and Privacy Practices

On March 15, 2022, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced it had filed a complaint against Residual Pumpkin Entity, LLC, formerly doing business as CafePress, and PlanetArt LLC, which bought CafePress in 2020 (collectively, CafePress). The FTC alleged that CafePress, an online platform used by consumers who bought or sold customized t-shirts, mugs, and other merchandise, had, … Continue Reading

SEC Proposes New Cybersecurity Reporting and Enhanced Standardized Disclosure

On March 9, 2022, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) proposed new rules that would require current and periodic reporting of material cybersecurity incidents as well as more detailed disclosure of cybersecurity risk management, expertise, and governance. This alert summarizes the proposed changes, which are subject to public comment until the later of May 9, 2022 … Continue Reading

FYI on NFTs: Consumer Protection and Privacy Considerations

Thinking of creating a non-fungible token (NFT) marketplace? You’re not alone. Global NFT transactions have risen from $40.96 million in 2018 to around $25 billion in 2021. Organizations from the NBA to Taco Bell have begun implementing NFT strategies. As blockchain-native artifacts, NFTs’ immutability, digital scarcity, and transferability have catalyzed growing interest among consumers and businesses alike, inspiring … Continue Reading

EU Parliament and Council Take Next Steps to Advance Major New Rules for Digital Platforms

The EU Parliament and the EU Council recently adopted their respective versions of the Digital Markets Act (DMA) and Digital Services Act (DSA), which intend to create new antitrust-related (DMA) and regulatory (DSA) rules applicable to digital platforms.1 The adoption of the draft amendments by the EU Parliament and the EU Council constitutes a critical … Continue Reading

FTC Settles with Weight Watchers in First Children’s Privacy Case Requiring Deletion of Algorithms

On February 16, 2022, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) filed a proposed settlement order in federal court in its case against WW International, Inc (formerly known as Weight Watchers International, Inc.) and its subsidiary Kurbo, Inc. (Kurbo) to resolve allegations that the defendants violated the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act and its implementing rules (COPPA).1 The … Continue Reading

Legal Requirements for Mitigating Bias in AI Systems

An alphabet soup of U.S. government agencies has taken steps toward regulating artificial intelligence (AI). Last year, Congress passed the National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Act, which creates numerous new initiatives, committees, and workflows on AI, with the goal of preparing the federal workforce, conducting and funding research, and identifying and mitigating against risks. In November 2021, … Continue Reading

New Model Clauses for Personal Data Transfers Outside the UK

On February 2, 2022, the UK privacy regulator (i.e., the Information Commissioner’s Office or the ICO) issued new model clauses to support data transfers from the UK. Subject to approval by the UK Parliament, the new model clauses will become effective March 21, 2022. Companies transferring personal data outside the UK will have until March … Continue Reading

Belgian DPA Finds That IAB Europe’s Cookie Consent Framework Violates the GDPR

On February 2, 2022, the Belgian Data Protection Authority (DPA) found that the Interactive Advertising Bureau Europe (IAB) Transparency & Consent Framework (TCF), a tool used to record individuals’ online ad preferences, violates the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). The DPA fined IAB Europe €250,000 (approx. USD 280,000), and required IAB Europe to present an … Continue Reading

Colorado Attorney General Announces Privacy Rulemaking

The Colorado Attorney General’s office is poised to begin the rulemaking process for the Colorado Privacy Act (ColoPA).1 On January 28, 2022, Colorado Attorney General Phil Weiser issued prepared remarks outlining key rulemaking topics and announcing plans to seek input from Colorado consumers, businesses, and other stakeholders over the coming months. Although the ColoPA does not come into … Continue Reading

Fintech and Financial Privacy: Regulatory Developments on the Use of Financial Data

So you’re a fintech startup, buying a fintech company, or expanding the technical capabilities of your financial business. Or you’re a tech company that is getting into the payments space. Where do you start when it comes to figuring out what consumer protection laws apply to you? You should be aware that, for the past … Continue Reading

FTC Consumer Protection Remedies After the U.S. Supreme Court’s AMG Decision

The U.S. Supreme Court’s April 2021 decision in the AMG matter significantly limited the Federal Trade Commission’s (FTC’s) ability to seek monetary redress for consumers under the FTC Act, relief the FTC had successfully obtained for over four decades. Since the Supreme Court announced its decision, the FTC has been deploying new strategies to return money to … Continue Reading

Lloyd v. Google: UK Supreme Court Rejects Data Protection Class Action in Landmark Ruling

On November 10, 2021, the UK Supreme Court ruled[1] that class representatives in data privacy class action suits need to prove damage or distress suffered to be successful. Compensation cannot be granted simply by virtue of proving that a company violated the law. The case was heard under the UK’s pre-2018 data protection law, but … Continue Reading

European Court of Justice Finds That “Inbox Advertising” Is Direct Marketing

On November 26, 2021, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) held[1] that the display of advertising messages in an email inbox, in a form similar to an email, constitutes direct marketing and requires users’ consent under the ePrivacy Directive.[2] The CJEU also held that this practice constitutes ‘persistent and unwanted solicitations’ under … Continue Reading

EU Regulators Define Data Transfers

They State That Direct Collection of Personal Data by Non-EU Companies Is Not a “Data Transfer” Under the GDPR On November 18, 2021, the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) issued guidelines (Guidelines) that—for the first time—clarify the notion of “data transfer.” Departing from common understanding, the EDPB has determined that there is no data transfer … Continue Reading

CNIL Issues Guidance on Alternatives to Third-Party Cookies

On October 13, 2021, the French data protection authority (the CNIL) issued a short note (the “Note,” in French) on technologies such as fingerprinting, unique identifiers, and cohort-targeting, developed to replace traditional third-party cookies. While the CNIL acknowledges that some of these technologies are less privacy invasive than third-party cookies, it stresses that the consent … Continue Reading

Don’t Forget to Use the New SCCs to Transfer EU Personal Data as of September 27, 2021

As of September 27, 2021, companies relying on Standard Contractual Clauses (SCCs) to transfer personal data outside the European Union (EU) must use the new Standard Contractual Clauses (New SCCs) when signing data processing agreements. As a result, it is time to update template data processing agreements to ensure that your company can meet this … Continue Reading

CJEU Confirms Exceptions to One-Stop-Shop Mechanism Under the GDPR

On June 15, 2021, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) confirmed[1] that non-leading supervisory authorities (SAs) can initiate national judicial proceedings concerning cross-border data processing in two circumstances:[2] i) where there is an “urgent need” to act, or ii) if the case has a local impact.… Continue Reading

California Attorney General Mandates CCPA-Covered Businesses Honor the Global Privacy Control and Announces Update on CCPA Enforcement Activity

Recently, the Office of the Attorney General of California announced three major updates that 1) added to the California Consumer Privacy Act’s (CCPA) opt-out rules related to the sale of personal information, 2) made it easier for consumers to participate in enforcing the CCPA, and 3) unveiled other focus areas of CCPA enforcement activities.… Continue Reading
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