Archives: Privacy

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Fintech and Financial Privacy: Regulatory Developments on the Use of Financial Data

So you’re a fintech startup, buying a fintech company, or expanding the technical capabilities of your financial business. Or you’re a tech company that is getting into the payments space. Where do you start when it comes to figuring out what consumer protection laws apply to you? You should be aware that, for the past … Continue Reading

FTC Consumer Protection Remedies After the U.S. Supreme Court’s AMG Decision

The U.S. Supreme Court’s April 2021 decision in the AMG matter significantly limited the Federal Trade Commission’s (FTC’s) ability to seek monetary redress for consumers under the FTC Act, relief the FTC had successfully obtained for over four decades. Since the Supreme Court announced its decision, the FTC has been deploying new strategies to return money to … Continue Reading

Lloyd v. Google: UK Supreme Court Rejects Data Protection Class Action in Landmark Ruling

On November 10, 2021, the UK Supreme Court ruled[1] that class representatives in data privacy class action suits need to prove damage or distress suffered to be successful. Compensation cannot be granted simply by virtue of proving that a company violated the law. The case was heard under the UK’s pre-2018 data protection law, but … Continue Reading

European Court of Justice Finds That “Inbox Advertising” Is Direct Marketing

On November 26, 2021, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) held[1] that the display of advertising messages in an email inbox, in a form similar to an email, constitutes direct marketing and requires users’ consent under the ePrivacy Directive.[2] The CJEU also held that this practice constitutes ‘persistent and unwanted solicitations’ under … Continue Reading

EU Regulators Define Data Transfers

They State That Direct Collection of Personal Data by Non-EU Companies Is Not a “Data Transfer” Under the GDPR On November 18, 2021, the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) issued guidelines (Guidelines) that—for the first time—clarify the notion of “data transfer.” Departing from common understanding, the EDPB has determined that there is no data transfer … Continue Reading

CNIL Issues Guidance on Alternatives to Third-Party Cookies

On October 13, 2021, the French data protection authority (the CNIL) issued a short note (the “Note,” in French) on technologies such as fingerprinting, unique identifiers, and cohort-targeting, developed to replace traditional third-party cookies. While the CNIL acknowledges that some of these technologies are less privacy invasive than third-party cookies, it stresses that the consent … Continue Reading

Don’t Forget to Use the New SCCs to Transfer EU Personal Data as of September 27, 2021

As of September 27, 2021, companies relying on Standard Contractual Clauses (SCCs) to transfer personal data outside the European Union (EU) must use the new Standard Contractual Clauses (New SCCs) when signing data processing agreements. As a result, it is time to update template data processing agreements to ensure that your company can meet this … Continue Reading

CJEU Confirms Exceptions to One-Stop-Shop Mechanism Under the GDPR

On June 15, 2021, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) confirmed[1] that non-leading supervisory authorities (SAs) can initiate national judicial proceedings concerning cross-border data processing in two circumstances:[2] i) where there is an “urgent need” to act, or ii) if the case has a local impact.… Continue Reading

California Attorney General Mandates CCPA-Covered Businesses Honor the Global Privacy Control and Announces Update on CCPA Enforcement Activity

Recently, the Office of the Attorney General of California announced three major updates that 1) added to the California Consumer Privacy Act’s (CCPA) opt-out rules related to the sale of personal information, 2) made it easier for consumers to participate in enforcing the CCPA, and 3) unveiled other focus areas of CCPA enforcement activities.… Continue Reading

No Harm, No Foul: Supreme Court Narrows Article III Standing to Require That All Class Members Suffer a Concrete Injury in Fact

Overview On June 25, 2021, the U.S. Supreme Court decided TransUnion v. Ramirez, which held that even when a statute has been violated, and that statute provided a private right of action, plaintiffs still need a concrete injury in fact to have standing to bring a lawsuit in federal court. In this case, the statutory framework … Continue Reading

Belgian DPA Approves Code of Conduct for the Cloud Industry

On May 20, 2021, the Belgian Supervisory Authority (Belgian SA) approved the EU Cloud Code of Conduct (EU Cloud CoC).[1] This is the first time that a Supervisory Authority has approved a transnational, industry-wide code of conduct under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).[2] Cloud service providers (CSPs) will be able to rely on their … Continue Reading

EU Commission Publishes Template Data Processing Agreement

On June 4, 2021, the European Commission published its long awaited new set of Standard Contractual Clauses for outsourced data processing (DPA SCCs). These DPA SCCs are a contract template that organizations can use to comply with the General Data Protection Regulation’s (GDPR) rules on outsourced data processing.… Continue Reading

Locatefamily.com Fined EUR 525,000 for Failure to Appoint an EU Representative

On May 12, 2021, the Dutch supervisory authority (the Autoriteit Persoonsgegevens or AP) issued a press release on a EUR 525,000 fine against Locatefamily.com for failing to appoint an EU representative, with additional penalty payments pending should the violation persist. The press release is available in English here, and the decision is available in Dutch … Continue Reading

Bavarian SA Finds the Use of SCCs Without Supplementary Measures Unlawful

On March 15, 2021, the Bavarian Supervisory Authority (SA)[1] issued a decision regarding the use of Standard Contractual Clauses (SCCs) to transfer personal data from the EU to the U.S. without supplementary security measures. The SA found the data transfer to be unlawful in this case, although it did not impose an administrative fine. The … Continue Reading

Booking.com Fined EUR 475,000 for Failure to Timely Notify Dutch Supervisory Authority of Data Breach

The Dutch supervisory authority (the Autoriteit Persoonsgegevens or AP) sanctioned the online travel booking platform, Booking.com BV (Booking), with a EUR 475,000 fine for failing to notify a data breach to the AP within 72 hours after becoming aware of it, as required by the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). The decision is available … Continue Reading

Council of the EU Adopts Its Text on the ePrivacy Regulation

On February 10, 2021, the Council of the European Union (EU) agreed on its version of the draft ePrivacy Regulation (Council Position). The long-awaited ePrivacy Regulation, which will repeal the existing ePrivacy Directive, overhauls the rules on cookies and regulates the use of and access to electronic communications data.… Continue Reading

Virginia Legislature Sends Novel Privacy Law to Governor’s Desk

Virginia is poised to become the second U.S. state to enact broad consumer privacy legislation. While the legislation draws some parallels with the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) and upcoming California Privacy Rights Act (CPRA), the Virginia Consumer Data Protection Act (VCDPA) introduces new requirements that go beyond these laws, such as opt-ins to collect … Continue Reading

EDPB Clarifies Key Health Research Data Protection Rules

On February 2, 2021, the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) issued guidance on the processing of personal data for research purposes in response to questions posed by the European Commission (Document). The Document aims to provide clarity on the application of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) to scientific health research. In particular, the Document … Continue Reading

EDPB Publishes New Guidance for Data Breach Notification

On January 18, 2021, the European Data Protection Board (EDPB), comprised of all national supervisory authorities (SAs) of the European Union, published draft guidelines for data breach notification1 (the Guidelines). The Guidelines provide useful insight into how regulators apply the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) personal data breach notifications rules. Specifically, they describe six common types of … Continue Reading

Court Orders Production of a Data Breach Forensic Report, Rejecting Arguments That Attorney-Client Privilege and Work Product Protection Apply

On January 12, 2021, the District Court of the District of Columbia was the latest court to grant a motion to compel production of a forensic report prepared by an external security-consulting firm in data breach litigation.1 This case involved a cyberattack on a law firm that led to the public dissemination of the confidential information … Continue Reading
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